Volume: 19, Issue: 4


From Reads to Insights: Integrative Pipelines for Biological Interpretation of ATAC-seq Data

Ya Cui, Jason Sheng Li, Wei Li


Page 519-521

Research Article

SPA: A Quantitation Strategy for MS Data in Patient-derived Xenograft Models

Xi Cheng, Lili Qian, Bo Wang, Minjia Tan, Jing Li

With the development of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics technologies, patient-derived xenograft (PDX), which is generated from the primary tumor of a patient, is widely used for the proteome-wide analysis of cancer mechanism and biomarker identification of a drug. However, the proteomics data interpretation is still challenging due to complex data deconvolution from the PDX sample that is a cross-species mixture of human cancerous tissues and immunodeficient mouse tissues. In this study, by using the lab-assembled mixture of human and mouse cells with different mixing ratios as a benchmark, we developed and evaluated a new method, SPA (shared peptide allocation), for protein quantitation by considering the unique and shared peptides of both species. The results showed that SPA could provide more convenient and accurate protein quantitation in human–mouse mixed samples. Further validation on a pair of gastric PDX samples (one bearing FGFR2 amplification while the other one not) showed that our new method not only significantly improved the overall protein identification, but also detected the differential phosphorylation of FGFR2 and its downstream mediators (such as RAS and ERK) exclusively. The tool pdxSPA is freely available at https://github.com/Li-Lab-Proteomics/pdxSPA.

Page 522-533


RePhine: An Integrative Method for Identification of Drug Response-related Transcriptional Regulators

Xujun Wang, Zhengtao Zhang, Wenyi Qin, Shiyi Liu, Cong Liu, Georgi Z. Genchev, Lijian Hui, Hongyu Zhao, Hui Lu

Transcriptional regulators (TRs) participate in essential processes in cancer pathogenesis and are critical therapeutic targets. Identification of drug response-related TRs from cell line-based compound screening data is often challenging due to low mRNA abundance of TRs, protein modifications, and other confounders (CFs). In this study, we developed a regression-based pharmacogenomic and ChIP-seq data integration method (RePhine) to infer the impact of TRs on drug response through integrative analyses of pharmacogenomic and ChIP-seq data. RePhine was evaluated in simulation and pharmacogenomic data and was applied to pan-cancer datasets with the goal of biological discovery. In simulation data with added noises or CFs and in pharmacogenomic data, RePhine demonstrated an improved performance in comparison with three commonly used methods (including Pearson correlation analysis, logistic regression model, and gene set enrichment analysis). Utilizing RePhine and Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia data, we observed that RePhine-derived TR signatures could effectively cluster drugs with different mechanisms of action. RePhine predicted that loss-of-function of EZH2/PRC2 reduces cancer cell sensitivity toward the BRAF inhibitor PLX4720. Experimental validation confirmed that pharmacological EZH2 inhibition increases the resistance of cancer cells to PLX4720 treatment. Our results support that RePhine is a useful tool for inferring drug response-related TRs and for potential therapeutic applications. The source code for RePhine is freely available at https://github.com/coexps/RePhine.

Page 534-548